Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

Cuisine of Guinea Bissau

Guinea-Bissauan cuisine is the food culture of Guinea-Bissau, a nation on Africa’s west coast along the Atlantic Ocean. Rice is a staple in the diet of residents near the coast and millet a staple in the interior. Much of the rice is imported and food insecurity is a problem in large part due to coups, corruption and inflation. Cashews are grown for export. Coconut, palm nut, and olives are also grown.

Fish, shellfish, fruits and vegetables are commonly eaten along with cereal grains, milk, curd and whey. The Portuguese encouraged peanut production. Vigna subterranea (Bambara groundnut) and Macrotyloma geocarpum (Hausa groundnut) are also grown. Black-eyed peas are also part of the diet. Palm oil is harvested.

Common dishes include soups and stews. Common ingredients include yams, sweet potato, cassava, onion, tomato and plantain. Spices, peppers and chilis are used in cooking, including Aframomum melegueta seeds (Guinea pepper).

MOST IMPORTANT DISHES OF GUINEA-BISSAUAN CUISINE

Jollof Rice Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Jollof Rice Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

1Jollof rice

Rice cooked with palm oil, tomato paste and onions, to which other vegetables and meat or fish are added.

Egusi Soap Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Egusi Soap Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

2Egusi Soup

Soup thickened with the ground seeds of squashes. It usually contains green vegetables and sometimes tomatoes and onions.

Yassa Chicken Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Yassa Chicken Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

3Yassa Chicken

Common across West Africa, this dish features chicken cooked in an onion and tomato sauce.

Fried Cassava Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Fried Cassava Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

4Fried Cassava

Deep-fried yucca or cassava makes a tasty treat.

Fish Stew Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Fish Stew Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

5Fish Stew

A Portuguese inspired dish of seafood in a salty broth.

Avocados with Tuna Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Avocados with Tuna Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

6Avocados With Tuna

A salad of avocado, tuna and tomatoes.

Grilled Prawns Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Grilled Prawns Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

7Grilled Prawns

Particularly common by the coast.

Cashew Nuts Guinea Bissauan Cuisine
Cashew Nuts Guinea Bissauan Cuisine

8Cashew Nuts

Delicious and plentiful in season, sometimes made into juice.